Climate change and the evolution of high-latitude terrestrial vegetation and floras

first_imgOur understanding of polar vegetation and climate through time has expanded enormously in the past five years as a consequence of improved logistics, detailed studies of plant fossils in their proper sedimentological context, and the development of sophisticated physiognomic methods for extracting the climate signal present in plant fossil assemblages. These revelations are particularly timely in that climate change is most strongly expressed at the poles, and polar conditions play a critical role in determining global climate. By studying the evolution and change in polar vegetation, valuable insights on possible future biotic responses to global warming can be obtained.last_img read more

Organ Freeman Shares First Single “Don’t Eat Your Fingers” From Upcoming Album

first_imgOrgan Freeman is the funk of the future. The band mixes a jazzy disposition with a healthy dose of funk, and they sound like a combination of Soulive and The New Mastersounds, with a dash of Vulfpeck thrown in for good measure. Their passion for the music is clear each time they pick up their instruments, with every show a unique musical adventure. Today, the band has released a new track “Don’t Eat Your Fingers” (via The Poke Around) from their second studio album, Respect My Art, which is reportedly due out September 12.Road To Canyon Jam: Organ Freeman Is Ready For Their First-Ever Colorado PerformanceFollowing the band’s 2015 self-titled album, Organ Freeman’s 2017 sound has emerged with new life. Made up of Rob Humphreys (drums), Erik Carlson (guitar) and Trevor Steer (organ/keys), the group is moving in a new direction, as they meld EDM electronics with traditional organ trio instrumentation, to create something new and unique. Listen to the first taste of Respect My Art below with the record’s first single “Don’t Eat Your Fingers.”Organ Freeman will perform the Mishawaka Amphitheatre this weekend for the highly anticipated Canyon Jam, alongside Spafford, The Main Squeeze, Aqueous, and more. Tickets for Canyon Jam are currently on-sale and can be purchased here. For event updates and additional information, join the Facebook Event page.last_img read more

One Easy Trick to Find Geocaches Fast

first_imgSave yourself some time and give your mouse-clicking finger some rest by searching for geocaches in the search-box on the homepage. Search by address, postal code, country, or GC- code. You don’t like any typing? No problem, set your home coordinates on your Account Details page. Now you only have to click on the magnifier icon next to the box and you automatically get search results for geocaches close to home.Do you have time saving tricks when browsing Tell us in the comments below!Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedMystery at the Museum FAQJune 25, 2019In “News”Groundspeak Weekly Newsletter – March 22, 2012March 22, 2012In “Groundspeak’s Weekly Newsletter”Three insider List hacks experienced geocachers useJune 11, 2019In “Learn” Where can you find this mysterious tool that lets you search for geocaches in no time?Stop! Don’t look any further – search here! Sometimes it takes a hint to find something that is right there in front of you. It’s the search box on the homepage.last_img read more

As the EBook Market Matures, Amazon Will Face Stiff Competition

first_imgWhy Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… According to a new report by Forrester Research’s Sarah Rotman Epps, eBooks and eReaders are slowly but surely becoming mainstream. However, while Amazon is the current market leader among early adopters of this technology, Rotman Epps predicts that later adopters will not feel the same loyalty towards Amazon. This, according to the report, will open up a lot of opportunities for other players in the market, including Sony and large mass-market retailers like Walmart.According to Forrester’s data, just about 1.5% of all US online consumers currently own an eReader – but it’s important to note that this number is up from 0.6% a year ago. Forrester estimates that about 3 million eReaders will be sold in the US in 2009. By 2013, this number will grow to 13 million. Now, more consumers than ever before are aware of the existence of eReaders (37%) and the number of survey respondents who intend to buy an eReader in the next six months has grown to 6% compared to 2% last year.Amazon currently has the lead among early eBook adopters. Once eBooks become mainstream, however, Rotman Epps argues, this lead could easily dissipate. While Rotman Epps doesn’t talk a lot about hardware devices in her report, the reality is that the Kindle isn’t exactly a major step forward in the history of industrial design. Early adopters and ‘tech optimists’ (as Forrester likes to call them) are willing to look beyond this, but in the mainstream market, hardware design might play a major role in consumers’ buying decisions.The Next Wave of eBook AdoptersAccording to Forrester, the next wave of eBook adopters tends to read more books per months than early adopters and will probably consist of younger males who are less likely to be married and have children. The problem for eReader manufacturers, however, will be to get this group to buy dedicated devices. Rotman Epps argues that a large percentage of this group will probably read eBooks on devices they already own (like the iPhone), unless prices for eReaders come down significantly (under $100). It’s All About the PriceForrester’s Rotman Epps argues that the high price of eReaders is currently holding back mainstream adoption. A $99 device, Rotman Epps notes, would bring a lot of additional readers to eBooks and eReaders. Most importantly, though, the eBook and eReader market is still in flux. As the next generation of readers is likely to be very different from the previous generation, Amazon will have to work hard to keep its current lead. Can Amazon Hold On to Its Lead?Unlike Rotman Epps, however, we think that Amazon will likely be able to hold on to its current lead. After all, it has already forged strong – though sometimes contentious – relationships with most publishers and it currently offers the best integration between its store and its eReader. Barnes & Noble’s new eBook store will be a strong contender here, though we have yet to see the Plastic Logic eReader device that B&N will use to compete with the Kindle. Sony, too, is making a major push in the eBook market again, though in terms of mindshare in the US, Amazon and the Kindle are currently the clear leaders (both in the mainstream and among early adopters).While “Later Adopters May Not Be As Loyal To” makes for a good subtitle, the next generation of eBook adopters is just as likely to consider Amazon as the natural place to go to for eBooks, especially given that the company is already the #1 online retailer for regular books.What About the B2B Market?The Forrester report only focuses on consumers. We would argue, however, that there is also a large professional market for eReaders, where the current price isn’t too big an issue. Just last week, for example, iRex, an eReader manufacturer that mostly aims for the B2B market, announced the launch of its electronic flight bag for pilots – which is basically an iRex eReader with Jeppesen’s charts loaded on them.What’s the Killer Product for eReaders?The Forrester report argues that once eReaders hit the $100 barrier, users will quickly start to adopt these devices. But is price really the only issue here? Are there any other “killer apps” or devices that could drive mainstream adoption even before $99 eReaders become a reality?Our own Dana Oshiro just argued in our backchannel that a subscription book club (maybe run by Oprah) could bring a lot of new users to eReaders. And then, of course, there is still the mystical Apple tablet that might make for a great eReader – among other things – and which will surely cost more than $99. Would You Buy an eReader?What is holding you back from buying an eReader? The iPhone? The price of the current generation of eReaders? Or the well-designed reading solution called ‘the book’? Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#E-Books#NYT#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting frederic lardinois 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

On Ada Lovelace Day, Celebrate Some Extraordinary Women

first_imgWhy Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts robyn tippins Ada Lovelace was a pioneer.  The daughter of Lord Byron, Ada was also the daughter of a woman fed up with Lord Byron.  In an effort to dampen the dangerous poetic blood in her daughter, she encouraged, and I use that word lightly, her progeny to study mathematics, or really anything except poetry.  Despite this, Ada would enjoy poetry and mathematics, asking her mother in a letter if she couldn’t have poetry, could she at least have “poetical science”?  And science was poetic to Ada.  While everyone else was likely bored to tears at a dinner party when old Babbage droned on about his Analytical Engine, Ada was fascinated.  She liked it so much that she began corresponding with him, even writing up notes on Menabrea’s summary of Babbage’s plans.  In those notes, Ada predicted that a machine like the one Babbage was planning would one day be used to compose music, produce graphics and would be employed for practical and scientific use. Of course, like many of the great visionaries, she left us far too young, dying of illness at age 36.We celebrate Ada not for her visions of computers that would one day bring us joy and pain, but because she suggested a plan for the engine to calculate Bernoulli numbers, and that algorithm is now considered the first computer program.  In honor of Lady Lovelace, we have chosen to highlight three remarkable women who made the earth just a little cooler for having been a part of it, just like Ada.Dr. James BarryNote:  James Barry chose to live life as a man, so despite anatomy, I’ve chosen to refer to James as ‘he’ throughout this post.  Some time in the late 1790s, the person who would come to be known as James Barry was born.  Records then not being what they are now, and the fact that James lived his life cloaked in mystery, we are not entirely sure how his childhood unfolded.  What we do know is that James was known then as Margaret Bulkley, impoverished niece of the famous Irish artist, James Barry.   By 1809, Margaret Bulkley was no more, and James Barry had begun his medical studies at the University of Edinburgh, to later graduate with a Medical Doctorate.  He moved on to become Assistant Staff Surgeon at the Royal Military Hospital in Plymouth, and later to hold the position of Medical Inspector for the British Colony of South Africa, in Cape Town.  While there, he performed the first successful cesarean birth in Africa; successful because mom and baby both survived.  His later postings took him to many Crown holdings, including Trinidad and Tobago, Mauritius, Malta, Corfu, Saint Helena, the Crimea, Jamaica, Canada, the West Indies and Malta.His career, which began as a hospital assistant and ended with the rank of inspector-general of hospitals (Canada), was long and storied.  James survived yellow fever, fought for sanitation and hygiene, encouraged healthy food for patients and soldiers, was a vegetarian and teetotaler, and crusaded for better treatment for commoners and the poor.   Glowing reviews of his person not withstanding, his behavior was a little unorthodox.  He fought duels to prove his masculinity, was reported to be blunt and impatient when sharing his opinions and was punished throughout his career for breaking the rules, at least once resulting in a demotion of real significance.  He was hot-tempered, but damn good at doctoring.James died in 1865, of dysentery, and it was upon his death that his charade was uncovered, literally.  Why Margaret became James is hotly debated.  I won’t guess, but mad props to this lady who fought for the poor, healed the sick and fought her duels as good as any man.Dr. Ruth WestheimerThe next doctor on our list is famous for her bluntly specific sex help, but her story is so much more than that.  Ruth Westheimer was born in 1928, the adored and spoiled only child of doting Jewish parents in Germany.  Her idyllic childhood would soon end with the Nazi arrest of her father in the late 30s.  Her mom promptly sent her to safety in Switzerland with plans to meet after the mixup was worked out.  Both of her parents likely died in concentration camps, writing letters to her until 1941 when the letters abruptly ceased.After reaching her majority in the Swiss orphanage, she went to Palestine, joining an underground Jewish military group.  Trained as a sniper, she never had to kill anyone but did suffer a serious injury, after shrapnel from a bomb pierced both of her legs.After a long and painful recovery, she went to Paris, studying and later teaching at the Sorbonne.  She used the small amount that Germany paid her in reparations, around $1,500, to book passage to New York.  It was a stint at Planned Parenthood that convinced her to study human sexuality.Once shocked by the frank talk about sexuality she heard in New York, she later came to embrace it.  And who among us doesn’t remember the little old lady who was always talking about penises, vaginas and orgasms as blithely as if she were discussing a grocery list.  Dr. Ruth helped many of us embrace our sexuality as normal and healthy, and in doing so made her mark on the world in a mighty way.  And she’s not done yet.  Her latest book, about caring for a parent with Alzheimers is due to be released in November.  Babe Didrikson ZahariasBabe, or Mildred, Didrikson, was the sixth child, of seven, born to Norwegian immigrants in 1911 in south Texas.  Though not a strong student — she failed 8th grade and eventually dropped out — Babe was destined for greatness.  She embraced all sports in school, playing for the all-city and all-state teams.  Her first adult job was as a secretary for an insurance firm, hired because she was an ace at b-ball and they wanted her to join their company team, the Golden Cyclones.  In what would become a habit, her team was victorious, snagging the AAU Basketball Championships in 1931.  From there, she went on to represent Employers Casualty Insurance Co. of Dallas at the AAU 1932 Championships, competing in eight of the 10 events held, and qualifying for the Olympics to boot.  I should point out that she also marched in the opening parade as the entire team, because in essence, she was.She won five of the eight events, and tied for the sixth.  At that competition, she broke four (FOUR!) women’s world records.  Her score of 30 points was eight points higher than the second-place winner.  As you can imagine, Babe caused a stir and it wasn’t just because she was a somewhat arrogant and insanely competitive lady.  She was also a rock-star athlete and had the chops to back up that chip she proudly wore on her extremely fit shoulders.  She excelled at everything, from playing her harmonica (in Vaudeville) to sewing (Babe won a championship for that too).  She went from there to the 1932 Olympics in Los Angeles.  She could only do three events there, darn rule book, but took the gold in two of them, breaking world records in both events.  In the high jump, she had to accept the silver due to a rule violation.  She went over head first, which was against the rules at the time.  Her height was the same as the gold medalist, but diving over was a foul in 1932.  It was not very long at all after this that they changed that rule.  Later she would be credited with tying the world record in that jump too, and tying for the gold.Babe’s celebrity status was assured with the strong showing.  Unfortunately, amateur athletes don’t get paid, and getting paid was what Babe needed most.  She had to turn pro to pay the bills, so she posed for an automobile advertisement and thus began the Babe Didrikson campaign for fun and profit.  She did some vaudeville, took part in MLB stunts, toured with a women’s basketball team, Babe Didrikson’s All-Americans, and then an all-bearded team (other than herself), called the House of David.  Babe married a wrestler, taking his name, and Babe Didrikson was now Babe Didrikson Zaharias.A massively talented athlete, Babe made a name for herself in track and field, basketball, baseball, tennis, diving, billiards and later golf, only taking it up after her fame in basketball and track and field was achieved.  But she was no slouch there either.  After winning the Texas Women’s Championship in 1935, the Golf Association in a dastardly move, declared that Babe wasn’t to be considered a golf amateur because she was a pro in other sports, “for the best interest of the game.”  They changed their mind in 1945, making her an amateur again, and in 1945 she won 13 consecutive tournaments.  When she chose to turn pro in 1947, she won all of the tournaments, save one.  Bobby Jones, yes, THE Bobby Jones, called her one of the 10 best golfers of all time, male or female.  A few of her achievements:•2 Olympic world records•2 Olympic gold medals•1 tied Olympic world record•1 tied Olympic gold medal/1 Olympic silver medal•First American to win the British Women’s Amateur•First American to win both the British Women’s Amateur and the American Women’s Amateur•Won U.S. Women’s Open, World Championship and the All-American Open in 1948•First Woman to win the Western Open three times (as an amateur and pro)•Member of the Ladies Golf Hall of Fame•Co-counded LPGA 1949•Named Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press (1945-1947, 1950, 1954)  In 1953 she was diagnosed with colon cancer.  Despite removing the tumor, the cancer had spread and she was told she would die.  In 1954 she won the U.S. Women’s Open for the third time, by 12 strokes, but the pain was too great to continue, so she retired from golf.  She died a year later at age 45.Now you know the story of three awesome women.  Go and enjoy your Ada Lovelace day in a grand style! 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketcenter_img Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#community#web last_img read more

US government shuts down Dems GOP blame each other

first_imgWASHINGTON – The federal government shut down at the stroke of midnight Friday, halting all but the most essential operations and marring the one-year anniversary of President Donald Trump’s inauguration in a striking display of Washington dysfunction.Last-minute negotiations crumbled as Senate Democrats blocked a four-week stopgap extension in a late-night vote, causing the fourth government shutdown in a quarter century. Behind the scenes, however, leading Republicans and Democrats were trying to work out a compromise to avert a lengthy shutdown.Congress scheduled an unusual Saturday session to begin considering a three-week version of the short-term spending measure — and to broadcast that they were at work as the shutdown commences. It seemed likely each side would try forcing votes aimed at making the other party look culpable for shuttering federal agencies.Since the closure began at the start of a weekend, many of the immediate effects will be muted for most Americans. But any damage could build quickly if the closure is prolonged. And it comes with no shortage of embarrassment for the president and political risk for both parties, as they wager that voters will punish the other at the ballot box in November.Social Security and most other safety net programs are unaffected by the lapse in federal spending authority. Critical government functions will continue, with uniformed service members, health inspectors and law enforcement officers set to work without pay. But if no deal is brokered before Monday, hundreds of thousands of federal employees will be furloughed.After hours of closed-door meetings and phone calls, the Senate scheduled its late-night vote on a House-passed plan. It gained 50 votes to proceed to 49 against, but 60 were needed to break a Democratic filibuster. A handful of red-state Democrats crossed the aisle to support the measure, rather than take a politically risky vote. Four Republicans voted in opposition.In an unusual move, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell allowed the roll call to exceed two hours— instead of the usual 20 or so — and run past midnight, seemingly accommodating the numerous discussions among leaders and other lawmakers. Still as midnight passed and the calendar turned, there was no obvious off-ramp to the political stalemate.Even before the vote, Trump was pessimistic, tweeting that Democrats actually wanted the shutdown “to help diminish the success” of the tax bill he and fellow Republicans pushed through last month. White House press secretary Sarah Sanders later termed the Democrats “obstructionist losers.”Democrats balked on the measure in an effort to pressure on the White House to cut a deal to protect “dreamer” immigrants — who were brought to the country as children and are now here illegally — before their legal protection runs out in March.The president watched the results from the White House residence, dialing up allies and affirming his belief that Democrats would take the blame for the shutdown, said a person familiar with his conversations but not authorized to discuss them publicly.Predictably, both parties moved swiftly to blame one another. Democrats laid fault with Republicans, who control both chambers of Congress and the White House and have struggled with building internal consensus. Republicans declared Democrats responsible, after they declined to provide the votes needed to overcome a filibuster over their desire to force the passage of legislation to protect some 700,000 younger immigrants from deportation.Republicans branded the confrontation a “Schumer shutdown” and argued that Democrats were harming fellow Americans to protect “illegal immigrants.” Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer said a “Trump shutdown” was more accurate.Earlier Friday, Trump had brought Schumer to the White House in hopes of cutting a deal on a short-term spending agreement.The two New Yorkers, who pride themselves on their negotiating abilities, started talking over cheeseburgers about a larger agreement that would have included greater military spending and money for a southern border wall.But the talks fell apart almost as abruptly as they started. In a phone call hours later, the president raised new concerns about the deal he and Schumer had discussed, according to a person familiar with the conversation. In a subsequent phone call with Schumer, chief of staff John Kelly said the deal discussed was too liberal. The White House did not immediately comment on that account.Budget Director Mick Mulvaney told CNN that “Not much has changed” over the course of the day, but he predicted a deal would be reached by Monday, when most government offices are to reopen after the weekend.Democrats in the Senate had served notice they would filibuster the government-wide funding bill that cleared the House Thursday evening. They were seeking an even shorter extension that they think would keep the pressure on the White House to cut a deal to protect the “dreamer” immigrants.“We will not negotiate the status of unlawful immigrants while Democrats hold our lawful citizens hostage over their reckless demands,” Sanders said in a statement.Trump first described his discussion with Schumer as an “excellent preliminary meeting,” tweeting that lawmakers were “making progress – four week extension would be best!” But that optimism faded as the evening wore on. McConnell did not attend the meeting because he was not invited, a Senate GOP aide said.Trump had been an unreliable negotiator in the weeks leading up to the showdown. Earlier this week he tweeted opposition to the four-week plan, forcing the White House to later affirm his support. He expressed openness to extending the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, only to reject a bipartisan proposal. His disparaging remarks about African and Haitian immigrants last week helped derail further negotiations.Trump had been set to leave Friday afternoon to attend a fundraiser at his Palm Beach, Florida, estate marking the one-year anniversary of his inauguration but delayed his travel.As word of the Schumer meeting spread, the White House hastened to reassure Republican congressional leaders that Trump would not make any major policy concessions, said a person familiar with the conversations but not authorized to be quoted by name.On Capitol Hill, McConnell said Americans at home would be watching to see “which senators make the patriotic decision” and which “vote to shove aside veterans, military families and vulnerable children to hold the entire country hostage… until we pass an immigration bill.”“We can’t keep kicking the can down the road,” said Schumer, insisting on more urgency in talks on immigration. “In another month, we’ll be right back here, at this moment, with the same web of problems at our feet, in no better position to solve them.”The four-week measure would have been the fourth stopgap spending bill since the current budget year started in October. A pile of unfinished Capitol Hill business has been on hold, first as Republicans ironed out last fall’s tax bill and now as Democrats insist on progress on immigration. Talks on a budget deal to ease tight spending limits on both the Pentagon and domestic agencies are on hold, as is progress on a huge $80 billion-plus disaster aid bill.Before Thursday night’s House approval, GOP leaders sweetened the stopgap measure with legislation to extend for six years a popular health care program for children from low-income families and two-year delays in unpopular “Obamacare” taxes on medical devices and generous employer-provided health plans.A shutdown would be the first since 2013, when tea party Republicans — in a strategy not unlike the one Schumer is employing now — sought to use a must-pass funding bill to try to force then-President Barack Obama to delay implementation of his marquee health care law. At the time, Trump told Fox & Friends that the ultimate blame for a shutdown lies at the top. “I really think the pressure is on the president,” he said.Arguing that Trump’s predecessors “weaponized” that shutdown, Mulvaney said Friday the budget office would direct agencies to work to mitigate the impact this time. That position is a striking role-reversal for the conservative former congressman, who was one of the architects of the 2013 shutdown over the Affordable Care Act.___Associated Press writers Jill Colvin and Catherine Lucey contributed to this report from Washington. AP writer Jonathan Lemire contributed from New York.last_img read more

US fast food brand ChickfilA announces plans for Canadian expansion

first_imgTORONTO – A controversial fast food company that is known as much for its role in U.S. politics as it is for its chicken announced Wednesday that it will expand its Canadian presence over the next five years.Chick-fil-A Inc., which currently has a single Canadian location at Calgary International Airport, said it will open a restaurant in Toronto next year and has plans to establish about 15 locations around the Greater Toronto Area over the next five years.The Atlanta-based company’s expansion comes as a handful of foreign fast food chains are proving that they’re no chickens when it comes to Canada. In recent years, Filipino brand Jollibee and American chains Five Guys Burger and Fries, the Halal Guys, Wahlburgers and Blaze Pizza have entered the already-crowded Canadian market.Foreign brands are likely attracted to the country and Toronto because of the large population, international reputation and close proximity to the U.S., said food industry expert Robert Carter, who expects other large companies will watch Chick-fil-A’s expansion to guide whether they should head to Canada too.“Toronto is considered one of the more multicultural cities in North America, if not the world, so it is a great platform for brands expanding international to test out the Canadian market and then start to fine-tune some of the differences from the U.S. business model,” said Carter.“Chick-fil-A is a very beloved brand down in the U.S. with strong consumer loyalty and I think some of that brands’s awareness will translate for Canadians as well… When you look at loyalty, it is almost on par with a brand like Tim Hortons in Canada.”However, Chick-fil-A is unlike most of the homegrown fast-food brands or foreign ones that have come to Canada because it’s known for its religious and conservative values.The company is owned by the Cathy family, a billionaire evangelical Southern Baptist clan, which attracted plenty of attention in 2012, when its president Dan Cathy said he believes in the “the biblical definition of the family unit” and said those who “have the audacity to define what marriage is about” were “inviting God’s judgment on our nation”.When the Supreme Court chose to support same-sex marriages in the U.S. a year later, Cathy posted on Twitter that the “founding fathers would be ashamed of our generation” and pronounced it a “sad day for our nation.”His remarks caused politicians to call for the chain to boycotted, but Carter suspects the furor will be a “non-issue” for Canadians because he said once issues like these “fall out of the consciousness of consumers, it is business as usual.”He thinks Canadians will find it “curious” if the company sticks to its U.S. policy of keeping its locations closed on Sundays as a way of giving staff time off, but he doesn’t believe it will bother customers too much because he said there are many smaller restaurants that also don’t open that day of the week.To resonate with Canadian audiences, Carter mused that Chick-fil-A could make some changes to its menu items, perhaps rolling out a coffee program or more breakfast offerings, which have proved to be a boon for McDonald’s and Tim Hortons in Canada.Breakfast is the fastest-growing part of the day for restaurants since 2012, according to research companies NPD Group and Nielsen, and breakfast sandwiches make up a third of all orders placed during that time of day.Chick-fil-A will only boost the competition for morning meal dollars in Canada, Carter said, because the company offers a chicken breakfast sandwich, which he hasn’t seen other restaurants in the country roll out.He also considers Chick-fil-A’s expansion to come at an advantageous time because he has seen chicken recently become a “hot” and “go-to” menu item for Canadians.Chick-fil-A offers chicken nuggets, wraps and strips at its 2,300 restaurants in the U.S., which collectively brought the company more than $9 billion in revenue in 2017.Note to readers: This is a corrected story. An earlier version claimed that Chick-fil-A would open its first Canadian restaurant in Toronto in 2019.last_img read more